At the center of the Jewish daily prayers are the 19 blessings that make up the silent prayer, known in Hebrew as the Amidah (lit. “standing”) or Shemoneh Esrei . The centerpiece of the three daily weekday prayers, wherein we beseech Transliteration of the Weekday Amidah Psalms and Jewish Prayer for Healing. The Amidah also called the Shemoneh Esreh (שמנה עשרה ), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy.

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The guideline of silent prayer comes from Hannah ‘s behavior during prayer, when she prayed in the Temple to bear a child. Reform and Reconstructionist Judaism generally omit the Mussaf Amidah on Shabbat, though it is retained on some amidab.

Before Him we shall worship in reverence and fear. The model for this structure is how one would approach a powerful ruler or how a servant would approach a master.

Jewish Prayers: The Amidah

On mincha of fast days, the congregation adds the prayer aneinu answer us as part of the sixteenth blessing, begging God to answer us in our time of trouble. In the Ashkenazic tradition, both prayers are recited by the Reader during the repetition of the Mussaf Amidah.

It is occasionally performed in Orthodox prayers in some communities it is customary for mincha to be recited in this wayand more common in Conservative and Reform congregations. Even if one happens to be present, and not praying, while the Kedushah is recited, one must stop what he is doing and join in. Simeon ben Yohai Ab. Blessing for Putting on a Tallit.

Both paragraphs are prefaced by the same opening line, “[We thank You] for the miraculous deeds Al HaNissim and for the redemption and for the mighty deeds and the saving acts wrought by You, as well bebrew for the wars which You waged for our ancestors in ancient days at this season. Thou art merciful, for Thy kindnesses never are complete: The most recent ptayer change to the text of the standard daily Amidah by an authority accepted by Orthodox Judaism was done by the Arizal in the 16th century.


At Shacharit, no changes prayfr made in the silent Amidah, but the chazzan adds an additional blessing in his repetition right after the blessing of Geulahknown by its first word Aneinu “Answer us”.

Jerusalem – Blessing Fourteen of the Amidah

The next blessing, for ingathering of the exiles teka b’shofaris rewritten. Do [this] for Thy name’s sake, do this for Thy right hand’s sake, do this for the sake of Thy holiness, do this for the sake of Thy Torah. Personal requests may be made during any of the blessings, but in the sixteenth blessing specifically, which asks God to hear our prayers, it is appropriate to insert one’s own requests.

Rock of our life, Shield of our help, You are immutable from age to age. This page was last edited on 29 Novemberat There are also halakhot to prevent interrupting the Amidah of others; for example, it is forbidden to sit next to someone praying or to walk within four amot cubits of someone praying.

Kedushah is said only with a minyan quorem of tenand may not be interrupted for conversation. It was instituted originally for the benefit of those who were not able to recite the Amidah properly on their own. In a similar vein, the Tiferet Yisrael explains in his commentary, Boaz, that the Amidah is so-called because it helps a person focus his or her thoughts.

The Sephardi and Yemenite Jewish rituals, as opposed to just adding the words “dew and rain” during the winter, have two distinct versions of the ninth blessing.

The prayer is recited standing with feet firmly together, and preferably while facing Jerusalem. By nature, a person’s brain is active and wandering.

One phrase of the prayer varies according to the day’s holiday, mentioning it praeyr name. Blessing over Bread Ha’Motzi. During these ten days, prager are inserted in the first two and last two blessings and slight changes are made in the conclusions of the third and eleventh blessings to stress the role of God as king and judge. In addition, communities that say the shortened version of the Shalom blessing at Minchah and Maariv say the complete version at this Minchah. Prayed Kohanim Priestly Blessing.


The Reform version begins like the traditional text, but in place of the petition for the ingathering of the exiles, it goes on to emphasize hope for universal freedom. One who stands in Jerusalem should face the Temple. After the Second Temple’s destruction in 70 CE, the Council of Jamnia determined that the Amidah would substitute for the sacrifices, directly applying Hosea ‘s dictate, “So we will render for bullocks the offering of our lips.

Each blessing ends with the signature “Blessed are you, O Lord Blessing for the Seas and Oceans. The individual’s silent repetition of the Amidah is said afterwards, not before. Retrieved from hdbrew https: The Mishna Brachot 4: The only difference between the Amidah of the different services of the day is the final blessing, for peace.

The Friday night service stresses God’s sanctification as it relates to the creation of hevrew world.

Fill our hands with Thy blessings and the richness of the gifts of Thy hands. Once Atah Chonantanu is said, work prohibited on the holy day becomes permitted because the separation from the holy day has been established. Thou art good, for Thy mercies are endless: On intermediate days of holidays and on Rosh Chodesh the new montha prayer called ya’aleh v’yavo is incorporated into the seventeenth blessing, asking God to remember us for good on the holiday.

The last middle blessing shomea tfila is abridged. The reason for praeyr procedure is that the Hebrew word for “blessed” baruch is related to “knee” berech ; while the verse in Psalms states, “The Lord straightens the bent. Prayer of a Physician.