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The prominent Lithuanian politician and member of the European Parliament Vytautas Landsbergis7 criticised some history textbooks for being overloaded with old Soviet interpretations. However, some of them appeared to be very similar; therefore, only 20 textbooks were selected for further analysis. In order to achieve this objective, secondary objectives were devised. Students of upper grades receive directions on how to analyse various sources.

The practice of linking Lithuanian, world, and local history has proven to be quite successful. The first includes grades five and six grade five — Introduction to the History of Lithuania; grade six — Introduction to World History. The topic The Klwsei Lives is the final section of every chapter. Students realise that history can be closer to them. Fifteen years ago discussions started about the necessity of including questions at the beginning of every section, which would show students what they should focus on.

The tradition of separating the history of Lithuania from the rest of the world was popular in the independent Lithuania of —, as well as in Soviet Lithuania during the period — Therefore, when describing the history of Europe and other continents, some history textbooks relate it with the situation in Lithuania or Lithuanian people and the nation. Representation of local history A survey of teachers and students reveals that students are much more interested in history when the past is linked ustorijos their residential area.


One of the studies analysed the first series of history textbooks for grades seven through ten published in — This makes history more relatable to different age groups. First of all, not all history textbooks were analysed. Later, these textbooks were translated into Lithuanian and became compulsory in all schools in Lithuania.

These methods can also enhance student motivation. k,asei

However, the digital textbooks did not replace the traditional textbooks, which still remain the primary teaching material. They tenaciously defended the Kars Fort which Russians had previously taken from the Turks.

They often showed a preference to study from a digital textbook rather than traditional ones. The list includes the names of villages, lakes, rivers, forests, and hills that are closely related to pagan gods, goddess, and their rituals The three CDs on the history of Lithuania contain a total of 89 topics With the arrival of independence, new opportunities for collaboration with Western countries emerged.

Therefore, in the Ministry of Education and Science had to change the existing definition of a textbook that would include digital books as well.

He described how the pasha, the high-ranking officials of the Ottoman Empire, ruled Egypt from a unique Lithuanian point of view. This innovation allowed the teacher to incorporate the historical narrative and the sources into a whole, facilitating the job of teachers and the learning of students.

Despite these few difficulties, the digital textbook became a fact of life which also appeared in the second and third edition. The authors evaluated the textbooks on the basis of four elements: Whereas previous textbooks were published without any illustrations, now they can contain up to 50 per cent of the textbook content.

However, some difficulties arose.

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As a motivational tool, authors can simply ask students what they know about the topic. The present study focuses on older and newer textbooks for all grades, which are still in use.


Authors were also advised to reduce redundancies in vsdovelis. The shortcoming of overwhelming the student with too many sources and related assignments soon became apparent. The Case of Innovations.

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There are several ways to do this. This type of information helps Lithuanians to put their history into a global context.

As a isgorijos, studies focusing on these innovations do not exist; thus, the results of this study cannot be compared with other studies. Sources and literature 1. Lithuanian soldiers distinguished themselves in the Battle of Philippopolis Briedis also offers a variety of assignments and projects for lower grades.

Secondly, more attention is being paid to daily life, which is presented in several vadvoelis.

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Pasaulio ir Lietuvos istorija: Other textbooks use different layouts with assignments such as: In this way, students can gain a deeper understanding of history and develop the skills needed for research.

The textbook Lithuania in the World: Based on French and western models, an attempt was made to use various sources for each topic, including documents, diagrams, maps, and photographs. Eighth grade students studying the Middle Ages are presented the following information: During the period — improvements multiplied. Other studies emphasised the necessity to reduce the amount of facts presented in textbooks, such as dates, names, and places.

The innovation was various assignments relating to every source thanks to which teachers were able to use istlrijos assignments and save time instead of creating their own. The planning and incorporation of sources for history projects is integrated as well.